• Tuesday, September 25, 2018
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New York Times| Travel

A new generation arrives in droves, exploring Arches National Park

  • NEW YORK TIMES

    Balanced Rock is one of many striking sites at Arches National Park in Utah. Decades ago, the pioneering writer Edward Abbey immortalized then-empty Arches National Park, long before the modern influx of visitors.

  • NEW YORK TIMES

    Landscape Arch is the longest of the many natural rock arches located at Arches National Park in Utah.

  • NEW YORK TIMES

    Devil’s Garden campground can be home base for exploration of the arches.

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As always, I arrived too late. The time to be here, the real sweet spot? I missed it. Try a good half-century ago, I was told by locals, before the place was discovered by the outside world, back when it was still Arches National Monument and not yet a designated park, just a dusty backwater in southeast Utah inhabited by a few old cowboys, desert castaways, Latter- day seekers and a handful of tourists who had perhaps made a wrong turn somewhere. The roads — a pure, unpaved hell — tended to discourage folks. Fifty, maybe 60, people a day made the 4-mile drive from the highway to the front gate, where many simply turned around and headed back the way they came. (By contrast, 4,000 visitors now amount to a slow day at Arches.)

The mid-1950s was a time when one could plausibly claim to be the “sole inhabitant, usufructuary, observer and custodian” of Arches, as Edward Abbey did in “Desert Solitaire,” his classic 1968 account of two seasons spent as a park ranger there. A “rather personal demesne,” he called it, with “league on league of red cliff and arid tablelands, extending through purple haze over the bulging curve of the planet to the ranges of Colorado — a sea of desert.” All of it, he wrote, “lies beyond the end of the roads.”

Abbey, who died in 1989, more than admired Arches’ beauty. He considered its remoteness an antidote to the everyday drudgery of civilization, a vital means of “(c)utting the bloody cord,” of briefly abandoning our homebound lives, our sunup-to-sundown errand running, for the thrill of the wild. “We need the possibility of escape as surely as we need hope,” he wrote in “Desert Solitaire.” Keeping Arches wild was, for him, a matter of our collective sanity.

I happened to be standing on Abbey’s old house trailer site at Arches, now a cluster of blackbrush and cliffrose in spring bloom, and gazing across his “33,000-acre terrace,” a windless, sun-warped sprawl of red spires and orange buttes rising and falling to the horizon like a city of dust and stone. Below me was a freshly paved road crawling with weekend traffic — a frightening number of RVs and SUVs and double-decker tour buses, their windows sealed tight, and a column of grumbling Harleys — and beyond that, through the heat glare, the soaring, extraterrestrial monolith of Balanced Rock.

I tried to picture things as Abbey might have seen them, minus the motorized din and the crowds fanning out around Balanced Rock’s knobby pedestal, striking selfie poses. Sitting in his doorway here watching sunsets “that test a man’s credulity — great gory improvisations in scarlet and gold,” Abbey often found himself utterly, blissfully, alone.

“Can you imagine?” said Matt Smith, an Arches ranger, squinting next to me in the morning sun. “Not a lot going on here back then.”

Actually, I could imagine it, but barely. Over our shoulders lay Salt Valley, a vast, wandering expanse of sagebrush and tumbleweeds, as empty as the moon. But the procession of vehicles below us achieved a kind of gyroscope effect, whirring and flashing. “You might expect this at Walmart, but not here,” Smith said, nodding toward the road. Somewhere a car horn blew. And blew. And blew. Abbey, it seemed safe to say, would not abide.

Like so many others, I came here because of him. It was only a couple of years ago when I’d first read “Desert Solitaire” and been floored by Abbey’s barreling prose, his joy and petulance, his pre-Gonzo Gonzoness: “(F)or godsake folks get out of them there machines, take off those (expletive) sunglasses and unpeel both eyeballs, look around; throw away those goddamned idiotic cameras!” he wrote. “(R)oll that window down! You can’t see the desert if you can’t smell it.” Exhilarating, hard-shelled, unforgettable stuff.

Of course, no book can account for what has happened at Arches in the past half-century (it was designated a park in 1971, when it more than doubled in size, to 76,679 acres). This year, Smith said, the park was on track for a record 1.8 million visitors, up from about 25,000 in Abbey’s day, a 7,000 percent increase. He described a nightly “melee” at Delicate Arch, a popular sunset spot, with hundreds of tourists jockeying for primo viewing along a sandstone promontory. In 2015, on Memorial Day traffic was backed up for a mile outside the main entrance onto Highway 191, resulting in the park’s first ever emergency closure.

“It’s loud, it’s busy,” Smith said. “People are running over blackbrush shrubs that might be 600 years old. There’s a fragile biological crust that grows over the surface of the soil here, and they’re tramping on it because they don’t want to walk from the road to the trailhead.”

Other national parks are facing similar attendance crunches — the beneficiaries (some might say casualties) of the National Park Service’s wildly successful “Find Your Park” advertising campaign — but none more so than Utah’s Zion National Park, 300 miles from Arches, which had a record 4.5 million visitors last year, the same number as Yosemite, a park five times its size.

It’s a familiar story. I live 15 minutes from Walden Pond, Thoreau’s old hideaway, which I dare you to visit on a summer weekend. Americans, as well as an increasing number of Germans, Japanese and Scandinavians, are rediscovering our national landscapes, not altogether a bad thing in an age of general estrangement from the outdoors, when parents like me worry about their kids having nature- deficit disorder. It was probably inevitable that future generations would unearth the Arches and Waldens of the world.

And you can hardly blame us. On our little rise above Balanced Rock, Smith and I had front-row seats to an ancient bedrock cataclysm: pinwheeling stone staircases, lager- tinted turrets and weird, fanged crags poised over petrified sand dunes, and farther off, the La Sal Mountains — loping green knuckles streaked with old snow. “No end of blessings from heaven and earth,” in Abbey’s words.

We were on a roll, Smith and I, jawing about the good old days. I was egging him on when he said, “You can trace human habitation here back 14,000 years. That might’ve been a golden age, too.”

But despite the crowds, Arches was still Abbey country, he said. Peace and quiet could be had, if you were willing to put in the work. Most visitors to Arches stay for less than two hours — about how long it takes to drive from the entrance to the turnaround at Devil’s Garden and back, with a few selfie breaks in between. Fewer than 1 percent of visitors, Smith said, venture into the backcountry.

I was after what Abbey was after: sweet, elusive solitude — the kind you can’t reach by car and rarely glimpsed by city-dwelling, latte-guzzling wusses like me. So the next day I packed up a tent, binoculars, two gallons of water and dozens of vile trail bars. Leaving behind my car and the road, I set off to see Arches, to really see it, or at least to find out if that was even possible.

Now we’re talking! A man, alone — out of cellphone range — in the maw of Mother Nature! A few paces from the road, there was no one. Some scrub oak and juniper, yellow warblers and green-tailed towhees, a pair of Cooper’s hawks high in the cliffs. I hiked under a charcoal smear of sky, passing through a canyon of gradually rising sandstone. Gauzy clumps of cotton from cottonwood trees drifted down around me like snowfall.

Arches has a few backcountry campsites but hardly any established trails to access them, just unofficial “social trails” struck by pioneering types who presumably know how to use a compass. My wife had given me one before I’d left home, but even if I had remembered to bring it — which I hadn’t — I wouldn’t have known what to do with the thing.

Ah, getting lost — this is where I really shine. In my hands, the simplest directions turn into a meandering, imponderable abstraction. What about one of those GPS thingies, you say? In short: I’m a Luddite — but such a device also seemed a special betrayal of Abbey, who was an archetype of self-reliance. No. Seeing Arches meant finding my own way and working it out if (which is to say, when) I drifted off-course.

All I had to do was follow a dry creek bed winding its way through the canyon — technically a “wash,” or drainage — and to pay fleeting attention to my map. Nevertheless, I managed to sail past my campsite by a mile or so. It was fun to think of what Abbey would have made of me, with my $150 hiking shoes, dehydrated quinoa meals and no blessed idea of where I was headed. It’s fair to say he would be galled by this very account, calling yet more attention to a fragile and overused landscape. (Don’t forget, Abbey had done something similar with “Desert Solitaire.”)

Doubling back, I somehow found my campsite, up on a sandy bench in a clearing of knee-high grass and prickly pear cactus. I was eye-level with the crowns of huge cottonwoods. As an evening breeze picked up, I pitched my tent beneath a cliff streaked with desert varnish — a patina of marbled black and orange thanks to eons of exposure to the elements. I felt a visceral pleasure at having found this place, and at having it all to myself. After dinner, the bats came out, a half-dozen of them, dancing and spinning as if on the ends of strings. Then the sky cleared and the stars materialized. My eyeballs, you might say, were suddenly unpeeled. In this way, at least, I shared something in common with Abbey.

I spent the next day roaming Upper Courthouse Wash, along the park’s southwestern edge, which I seemed to have all to myself. I say “roaming,” as if I grasped where I was the whole time, which of course I didn’t. Gray, saggy clouds parted midday to reveal a truly mean sun. The light had a surgical edge that made everything flare like magnified glass.

I slipped farther into a canyon flooded with sun and wind and birds — ash-throated flycatchers and every raven in the world, it seemed, gathering to complain about the heat. In an early chapter, Abbey punches cattle through Upper Courthouse Wash with some cowboy friends — grazing was allowed in Arches during its monument days — and the experience put him in mind of that most elusive desert resource: water.

“Everything seemed to be withering in the heat, blasted and shrunken under the furnace of the sun. I dreamed of water …” It was easy to see how things could get sketchy fast, and I was glad for my insulated hydration pack and extra water bottles.

Again, I took a wrong exit and wound up, well, it’s anyone’s guess, really, but when I eventually stumbled onto my campsite, perched on a baking blond slab of Navajo sandstone, I was so relieved that I pumped a fist into the air and rapped a few lines from Kool Moe Dee’s “How Ya Like Me Now.” Slipping off my shoes, I trod barefoot across the cooling rock, then climbed up and onto a rim overlooking the canyon, where I could see clear to Devil’s Garden, in the far northern reaches of Arches. I was 3, maybe 4 miles, tops, from my car, but I might as well have been on a distant star. I didn’t see another soul for 24 hours.

On my last night, I camped on a spur of sandpapery rock tucked into a side canyon off the Devil’s Garden primitive trail. I had to be out of here tomorrow, back to Salt Lake City and my flight home. It had been a paltry three nights in the desert. Such transience would have depressed Abbey. I lay in my tent at dusk, my head poking out the flap, listening to coyotes yap and yowl.

“When I return will it be the same?” Abbey wrote in a final passage of “Desert Solitaire,” feeling anxious about the future as he prepared to leave his beloved Arches for the offseason. “Will I be the same? Will anything ever be quite the same again? If I return.”

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