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Japan stops highly radioactive leak into Pacific

  • ASSOCIATED PRESSIn this photo taken around 5:40 a.m. on Wednesday, April 6, 2011 and released by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), radiation-contaminated water, which had been draining previously through a crack in a wall, seen on right in this photo, is not visible in a maintenance pit near the Unit 2 reactor of the tsunami-ravaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Okumamachi, Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan. The utility that owns the crippled Japanese nuclear reactor said that highly radioactive water has stopped leaking into the ocean at 5:38 a.m. (2038 GMT). (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.) EDITORIAL USE ONLY
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    In this photo taken around 5:40 a.m. on Wednesday, April 6, 2011 and released by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), radiation-contaminated water, which had been draining previously through a crack in a wall, seen on right in this photo, is not visible in a maintenance pit near the Unit 2 reactor of the tsunami-ravaged Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Okumamachi, Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan. The utility that owns the crippled Japanese nuclear reactor said that highly radioactive water has stopped leaking into the ocean at 5:38 a.m. (2038 GMT). (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.) EDITORIAL USE ONLY
  • ASSOCIATED PRESSJapanese rescue team members search victims with dogs at a devastated area in Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture, Japan, Wednesday, April 6, 2011, following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Japanese rescue team members search victims with dogs at a devastated area in Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture, Japan, Wednesday, April 6, 2011, following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
  • ASSOCIATED PRESSA survivor rides a bicycle near the debris at a devastated area in Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture, Japan, Wednesday, April 6, 2011, following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    A survivor rides a bicycle near the debris at a devastated area in Ofunato, Iwate Prefecture, Japan, Wednesday, April 6, 2011, following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man)
  • April 6
    April 6
  • ASSOCIATED PRESSA Buddhist monk who is on a pilgrimage to devastated areas after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami,  offers prayer in front of the debris in Otsuchi, Iwate prefecture, northern Japan Tuesday, April 5, 2011. (AP Photo/Kyodo News) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT, NO LICENSING IN CHINA, HONG KONG, JAPAN, SOUTH KOREA AND FRANCE
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    A Buddhist monk who is on a pilgrimage to devastated areas after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, offers prayer in front of the debris in Otsuchi, Iwate prefecture, northern Japan Tuesday, April 5, 2011. (AP Photo/Kyodo News) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT, NO LICENSING IN CHINA, HONG KONG, JAPAN, SOUTH KOREA AND FRANCE

TOKYO » Workers stopped a highly radioactive leak into the Pacific off Japan’s flooded nuclear complex Wednesday, but with the plant far from stabilized, engineers prepared an injection of nitrogen to deter any new hydrogen explosions.

Nitrogen can prevent highly combustible hydrogen from exploding — as it did three times at the compound in the early days of the crisis, set in motion March 11 when cooling systems were crippled by Japan’s 9.0-magnitude earthquake and tsunami.

Nuclear officials said there was no immediate threat of more explosions, and but the nitrogen plans were an indication of the serious remaining challenges in stabilizing reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant and halting the coastal radiation leaks that have cast a shadow on northeastern Japanese fisheries.

Nitrogen normally is present inside the containment that surrounds the reactor core. Technicians will start pumping more in as early as Wednesday evening, said Junichi Matsumoto, a spokesman for the plant operator. They will start with Unit 1, where pressure and temperatures are highest.

"The nitrogen injection is being considered a precaution," said spokesman Hidehiko Nishiyama of Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency.

Workers have suffered near-daily setbacks in their race to cool the plant’s reactors since they were slammed by the tsunami, which also destroyed hundreds of miles of coastline and killed as many as 25,000 people.

But there was a rare bit of good news Wednesday when workers finally halted a leak of highly contaminated water into the ocean that had raised concerns about the safety of seafood.

Officials had said the runoff would quickly dissipate in the vast Pacific, but the mere suggestion that fish from the country that gave the world sushi could be at any risk stirred worries throughout the fishing industry.

In the coastal town of Ofunato, Takeyoshi Chiba, who runs the town’s wholesale market, is warily watching the developments at the plant, about 120 miles (200 kilometers) down the coast.

"There is a chance that the water from Fukushima will come here," he said, explaining that fishermen in the area still haven’t managed to get out to sea again, after the tsunami destroyed nearly all of their boats. "If Tokyo decides to ban purchases from here, we’re out of business."

After radiation in waters near the plant was measured at several million times the legal limit and elevated levels were found in some fish, the government on Monday set its first standard on acceptable levels of radiation in seafood.

"Right now, just because the leak has stopped, we are not relieved yet," Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano said. "We are checking whether the leak has completely stopped, or whether there may be other leaks."

But the good news appeared to be holding Wednesday: By afternoon, radiation at a point 360 yards (330 meters) off the coast was 280 times the legal limit, down from a high of more than 4,000.

Stemming the leak of highly radioactive water is progress because it limits the contamination of the surrounding environment, but it does not directly indicate progress on their primary goal: cooling the reactors and bringing them under control.

That mission has been hampered by highly contaminated water that is pooling throughout the plant, making it difficult or impossible to access some areas. And, in fact, the plugging of the leak could exacerbate pooling.

The pools have been an unavoidable side-effect of a makeshift cooling method: pumping water into the reactors and letting it gush out wherever it can. That messy process will continue until they can restore normal cooling systems — which recycle water, rather than spitting it out.

Getting rid of that pooling water has vexed TEPCO; it has ordered a floating storage facility and is also requesting a vessel that decontaminates water from Russia.

With those solutions not available for some time, the utility decided to take a drastic measure Monday: pumping 3 million gallons of less contaminated water into the sea to make room in a warehouse for the more highly radioactive water.

The warehouse is almost empty, and officials planned to check it thoroughly for any cracks before starting to fill it up again. The building is not meant to hold water, but it also hasn’t leaked yet, so engineers decided it could make a safe receptacle.

"We must carefully check and repair the facility to make the water will not leak out and affect the environment," Nishiyama said.

Associated Press writer Noriko Kitano in Tokyo and Jay Alabaster in Ofunato contributed to this report.

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