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Wednesday, April 23, 2014         

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Olowalu ka moa

For Saturday, February 23, 2013

Na Kekeha Solis

POSTED:



Synopsis: Bill 1 (2013) of the City Council of Honolulu has been tabled for now.

———

Welina e nā makamaka heluhelu, eia nō ke ka'a maila ke au hou. A he au ia e maka'ala ai kākou i 'ole kākou e pilikia ma kēia hope aku. A 'o kekahi mana'o e pa'a nei ma ka waha o kekahi, 'o ia ka ho'oulu 'ana o kākou i ka mea 'ai i loa'a pono kā kākou mea 'ai, a 'a'ohe mea e hopohopo ai i ka wā wī a wā malo'o paha. A no ia kumu paha i haku 'ia ai kahi pila hou ma ka 'Aha Kūkā o Honolulu nei no ka mālama 'ana i ka holoholona. 'O kekahi, e ho'onui ana ia pila i ka nui o nā moa wahine e mālama 'ia ma ka hale a ka 'ehiku. I kēia manawa, 'ae 'ia 'elua wal nō moa wahine.

He mea maika'i nō ia, 'oiai, e lawa paha nā hua moa e mā'ona ai ka 'ōpū o ka 'ohana. 'O ka mea 'āpiki o ia pila, 'a'ole e hiki ke kū'ai 'ia aku nā hua moa e loa'a ana. He mau pilikia ko laila. 'O kekahi, he aha ka mana'o o ia hua 'ōlelo, 'o kū'ai? Ma ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i, 'o kekahi mana'o, 'o ia ke kuapo 'ia 'ana o kekahi mea no kekahi mea e kekahi mau kānaka. 'O ia ho'i, inā hā'awi aku kekahi kanaka i ka hua moa i kona hoa, e hā'awi mai paha kona hoa i ke kalo. Ma loko na'e o ka Pila, 'o “sell” ka hua 'ōlelo. I ka nānā 'ana aku i loko o ka puke wehewehe 'ōlelo haole a Webster, “to transfer (goods) to or to render (services) for another in exchange for money.” A ma ka puke wehewehe 'ōlelo haole a Merriam Webster, 'ōlelo 'ia, “to give up (property) to another for something of value (as money).” A no laila, 'a'ole i mōakāka ka mana'o. He hiki paha ke kū'ai aku (barter) me kekahi kanaka? A 'o ka mea nui, 'a'ohe kālā? A i 'ole ia, pāpā 'ia ke kū'ai 'ana ma nā 'ano a pau?

Inā 'o ke kālā wale nō ke pāpā 'ia, 'ano maika'i iki a'e. Akā, 'o kekahi pilikia i ka pāpā 'ana aku i ke kū'ai no ke kālā, he pono ke kālā ma kēia ao hou. 'A'ole 'ae 'ia ka hua moa ma ka Hui Uila, a ma kekahi ke'ena aupuni paha. 'Eā, inā lawa nā hua moa e loa'a ana mai nā moa wahine he 'ehiku wale nō, e kū'ai aku ai a loa'a ke kenikeni e uku ai i nā pila, he aha ka hewa o ia?

A 'o kekahi mea i kau ai ka weli, 'o ia ka nui o ke kūkae moa. Ke mana'o nei kekahi, e māhuahua ana nā ma'i e laha ana. Akā, inā mālama pono 'ia nā moa a me ko lākou wahi e noho ana e like me ka hana kūpono, 'a'ohe mea e hopohopo ai.

Ho'omana'o ihola ko 'oukou mea kākau i ka wā kamali'i, e mālama ana kahi 'anakala i ka moa, he 'umi paha moa wahine a emi iki paha. 'A'ole i ma'i ko'u 'anakala, a 'a'ole i hohono loa kahi hale moa. 'O ka mea nui paha, ua mālama pono 'ia lākou a me ko lākou wahi e noho ana e ia.

Ua pākaukau 'ia ka Pila 1 (2013) no ka manawa, ma muli o ka makemake o ka Luna 'Aha Kūkā Kymberly Pine, no ka ho'ololi 'ana i 'olu'olu mai kekahi po'e kānaka. E olowalu nā moa o ka 'Aha Kūkā i maika'i nei pila, akā, e kama'ilio 'ia nā mana'o like 'ole, e kipa aku paha i nā kānaka mālama moa, a e nānā i ke 'ano o ka hale moa i 'ike aku, 'a'ole ana ia he pilikia.

———

E ho'ouna 'ia mai na ā leka iā māua, 'o ia ho'i 'o Laiana Wong a me Kekeha Solis ma ka pahu leka uila ma lalo nei:

>> kwong@hawaii.edu
>>
rsolis@hawaii.edu

a i ‘ole ia, ma ke kelepona:

>> 956-2627 (Laiana)
>> 956-2627 (Kekeha)

This column is coordinated by Kawaihuelani Center for Hawaiian Language at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa.






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Ken_Conklin wrote:
The full text of Bill #1 is available at
http://www4.honolulu.gov/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-133715/7k58wnd2.pdf

It would have been nice if Kekeha Solis had included the link I provided.

The bill is short and easy to read. It makes clear that someone can keep up to 7 chickens on his property, provided they are kept in an enclosure away from neighboring property, don't create noxious odors, etc.

The bill also makes clear that the chickens must be for the personal use of the owner, and "no person keeping chickens pursuant to this article shall sell eggs or engage in chicken breeding or fertilizer production for commercial purposes ..."

Kekeha Solis raises the question whether the bill would prohibit the owner of the chickens from exchanging chickens, eggs, or fertilizer with friends or neighbors in return for other stuff which the owner uses for his own personal consumption.

Of course everyone knows that in old Hawaii there was no money; people shared food. Those living near the ocean caught fish; those living in the uplands caught pigs or birds; and they traded with each other. That barter economy was described in "Nana I Ke Kumu" describing the Family System in Ka'u (1952), by Mary Kawena Pukui, E.W. Haertig & Catherine A. Lee. That description of lifestyle was highly romanticized, based on fond memories from a bygone era. A more recent, rigorous, scholarly study was done by a professor with a Ph.D. in anthropology: Jocelyn Linnekin, "Children of the Land." New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1985. Dr. Linnekin, a student of famed ethnohistorian Marshall Sahlins, spent a year (ending in 1975) living among the ethnic Hawaiians on the isolated Keanae peninsula in windward Maui, along the picturesque road to Hana. She focused on the persistence of tradition, and the role of "exchange-in-kind" as the economic model. She notes that even in 1975, in this isolated community where almost every resident is living on land passed down for generations, ancient rituals and cultural practices do not survive in ancient forms. Cultural practices are often invented and then used for asserting political claims.

Barter is a form of selling and buying. The state and federal tax codes require that excise and income taxes be paid on the value of goods or services that are bartered, in the same way as though money had been exchanged. Many people engage in bartering in hopes of never paying such taxes. As long as they do it on a small scale, with friends and neighbors, it's not likely that the tax collector will notice or care. But if bartering is done on a large scale and the goods received are then later sold, such activity would clearly violate the requirements in Bill #1.

The same sort of issue came up when hearings were held for rule-making for the Papahanaumokuakea Northwest Hawaiian Islands Reserve. I attended those hearings at a meeting in Kane'ohe, and submitted testimony. Even though commercial fishing was to be prohibited, a few families who had fished there for many years protested, and demanded that the rules should allow fishing for personal consumption by "kanaka maoli" families (but not Japanese or Caucasian families) who had been doing that. But then a few greedy guys said "Well hey, if it's OK for me to fish to feed my family, then I should be able to sell my fish to get vegetables, beef, etc. to 'feed my family.' And I should be able to catch big boatloads of fish to sell, so I will have money to 'feed my family' which happens to include a few thousand people." So that falls under the well-known concept "Give them an inch, they'll take a mile."

I also cannot resist comparing the title of this week's essay: "Olowalu ka moa" with the name given to the latest in a long string of racial registries sponsored by OHA: Kana'iolowalu. 'Ae. E Olowalu anei ka lahui o na kanaka 'oiwi i loko o ka pa ho'okae 'ili? He hewa nui kela.


on February 23,2013 | 08:13AM
DiverDave wrote:
Yes Ken, It's interesting that this whole idea could be a slippery slope for tax collectors.The first tax law, passed in 1841 in Hawaii, required commoners to pay tax either in labor or in currency. Half would go to the landlord of the property they lived on, and half to the King. The other major event during Kamehameha III's reign was of course the "Great Mahele" or land division. This was done for two reasons. First, to attract Western business interests that for a long time shied away from investing in Hawaii because they perceived private land ownership as a necessary condition for capital investment, particularly for large-scale investment in plantation argriculture. Secondly, to establish a base tax structure that would be known as property taxes. However, later during the reign of Kamehameha III, "The Great Capitalist", the penal code of 1850 required that taxes be paid in only currency. This forced Polynesian-Hawaiians living on the land to enter the market economy, either as wage laborers or as sellers of argricultural products. During the 1850's this was possible, but in the 1860's the agricultural market collapsed with the end of the whaling industry. This meant that for the majority of Polynesian-Hawaiians there was little alternative but to seek out wage labor. These decisions by Kamehameha III , "The Great Capitalist", forever changed the Hawaii islands economy from a tributary and communal exchange system of production and distribution to wage labor, and an economy based on money, or capitalism. This made it ripe for different types tax collections which was his goal. These decisions by Kamehameha III forever changed the Hawaii islands economy from a tributary and communal exchange system of production and distribution to wage labor, and an economy based on money, or capitalism. This made it ripe for different types tax collections.
on February 23,2013 | 12:39PM
DiverDave wrote:
Sorry about the double last paragraph above, the robot is acting up for me today.
on February 23,2013 | 12:48PM
Terii_Kelii wrote:
Bartering was not invented, brightness. It's just another of your ridiculous and wholly unsubstantiated claims for which you offer no proof. What did they use back then, the Zimbabwean dollar???? This is like your claim that the ohana was not as important as people now state because the entry in the modern Hawaiian English dictionary is only 3 lines long. LAUGH
on March 3,2013 | 10:22AM
Terii_Kelii wrote:
He mea ‘ole nā kenikeni. Ua pāpā ‘ia ka hākā moa. He aha lā e mālama ‘ole ai i ‘ehiku moa a ‘oi?
on February 24,2013 | 02:28PM
Ken_Conklin wrote:
Maui News, February 26: Chicken causes power outage at airport. A chicken got into a Maui Electric Co. transformer in the rental car area at Kahului Airport on Tuesday afternoon, causing a power outage at the airport that left some passengers having to disembark their planes the old way -- by mobile stairway. - See more at: http://www.mauinews.com/page/content.detail/id/570213/Chicken-causes-power-outage-at-airport.html?nav=10#sthash.vL36Tv8r.dpuf
on February 26,2013 | 04:40PM
Ken_Conklin wrote:
"The chickens have come home to roost" -- Malcolm X (Nation of Islam) and Rev. Jeremiah Wright Jr. of Chicago's Trinity United Church of Christ, (Obama's pastor of 20 years)
on February 26,2013 | 04:42PM
Ken_Conklin wrote:
True shtory: Big hulk and I go hukihuki just before lunchtime. Hulk says to me "Eh, you like beef?" I say "No brah, I like chicken." Plenny laftah.
on February 26,2013 | 06:22PM
DiverDave wrote:
Hey Ken, What do you call a rooster that can't have sex? Boneless chicken!
on February 27,2013 | 09:52AM
DiverDave wrote:
Or: Why did the chicken cross the road, then cross the road again, and jump in a mud puddle? Because he wanted to be a dirty double crosser.
on February 27,2013 | 12:32PM
DiverDave wrote:
The Shick company just came out with a new electric razor that removes a chickens feathers. The company now has Ladies Shick, Men's Shick, and Chicken shick!
on February 27,2013 | 12:35PM
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