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Mikanele a mika(ho'o)nele

By Kupopou

POSTED:



Synopsis: Continuation of “Pōmaika'i i nā mikanele?” on May 7, 2011.

I kinohi o ka hiki ana mai o ka Euanelio i Hawaii nei, o Iehova pu no kekahi, a Nana no i hoohuli i ka naau o na alii a me ka lahui e ike Iaia a i Kona mana e ola ai, oia hoi Kona Euanelio. Nolaila, hookuu mai la ke Akua i na poino he nui maluna o keia lahui i na ma’i o kela a me keia ano. O ke kumu mai o keia poino, mamuli no ia o ka haalele ana o na mikanele i ke kahua mua a lakou i hele mai ai. A ke hele mai nei me kekahi kumu o ke ano ino loa, a me ka hoopailua no hoi ke nana aku. No keaha mai? No ka mea, ua haalele i ke aloha, ke ahonui, a me ka hoomanawanui, a ke paulele nei i na mea o keia ao, a e kau ana ka hoopai weliweli o na poe na lakou e alakai hewa nei i ka lahui. O na pomaikai a na makua mikanele a Alapaki e kalele nei, ua hala loa ia mawaho o ke aniani hoonui ike. O ko’u noonoo maoli ma muli o na poino makolukolu i hoaahuia iho maluna o ka lahui holookoa o na Hawaii ponoi o ka aina kulaiwi, ma na rula oolea hookamani a na mikanele i rula ai a e rula nei i ka lahui, pela i ulu mai ai na poino a nui wale.

I mea e maopopo ai i ka mea heluhelu na kumu nui a me ke kahua o keia manao a ka mea kakau e kalele nei maluna o ka oiaio, mai ka pae ana mai o na mikanele a hiki i ka 1878, a mawaena o ia kowa e hoikeia aku ai ka pomaikai a me ka poino o ka lahui ma na hoohana maoli ana a ka papa mikanele, e hoohana ana ma na rula alakai uhane a me na rula alakai o ke aupuni o ke kaihi-ku.

A pau keia, alaila, e hoomaka hou ia aku ana ka moolelo mai ka makahiki 1878, a hiki i ke au o ka hookahuli aupuni o Liliuokalani, a me na hana-kalaiaina o ka noeau ana i lia mua ai no ka pono laula o kona lahui a me na makaainana o na aina e mai e noho ana malalo o ke kanawai, ma ke ano kaulike a kuokoa o kela a me keia mea.

Eia iho ka’u mau huahelu o ka heluna lahui mai ka pae ana mai o na mikanele a hiki mai i keia wa, a me na make mai ko lakou manawa e rula ana ma ke ano pepehikanaka, a e pono e hoomaopopo pono ia, penei:

» Hawaii — 1828, 85,000. 1832, 45,792. 1836, 39,364. 1850, 24,450. 1860, 21,481. 1866, 19,800. 1872, 17,001. 1878, 17,034.

» Maui — 20,000, 35,663, 24,199, 17,514, 16,400, 14,032, 12,334, 12,107.

» Oahu — 20,000, 29,755, 29,800, 19,126, 21,275, 19,799, 20,671, 20,236.

» Kauai — 10,000, 10,977, 8,934, 6,991, 6,487, 6,299, 4,196, 5,634.

» Molokai—3,500, 6,000, 6,000, 3,607, 2,864, 2,299, 2,349, 2,058.

» Lanai—2,500, 1,600, 1,200, 600, 646, 394, 348, 177.

» Niihau—1,000, 1,049, 993, 790, 649, 325, 323, 177.

» Kahoolawe—50, 80.

Huina nui iloko o kela a me keia makahiki: 1828, 142,050; 1832, 130,313; 1836, 108,579; 1850, 73,138; 1860, 69,800; 1866, 62,959; 1872, 56,897; 1878, 57,985.

('Auhea 'oukou e nā makamaka heluhelu, he koena iki a laila, lawa paha no kēia mana'o o ka mea kākau. E ho'omanawanui 'ia ka ‘ono. Aloha.)

E ho'ouna 'ia mai nā leka iā māua, 'o ia ho'i 'o Laiana Wong a me Kekeha Solis ma ka pahu leka uila ma lalo nei:
» kwong@hawaii.edu
» rsolis@hawaii.edu
a i ‘ole ia, ma ke kelepona:
» 956-2627 (Laiana)
» 956-2624 (Kekeha)
This column is coordinated by Kawaihuelani Center for Hawaiian Language at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, supported by the Initiative for Achieving Native Hawaiian Academic Excellence.





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Pōmaika'i i nā mikanele?




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