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Female war vets set sights on Congress

Women who served in the military are "breaking barriers," says McKinley grad Tammy Duckworth

By Donna Cassata

Associated Press


WASHINGTON » One flew an A-10 Warthog over Iraq and Afghanistan. Another was part of the 29th Infantry Brigade's medical operations near Baghdad. A third lost both legs and partial use of an arm in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in Iraq.

All are war veterans aiming to serve in Congress. All reflect an evolving U.S. military. All are female.

After more than a decade of wars in Iraq and Afghan­istan, dozens of military veterans — Republicans and Democrats — are running for Congress this election year as voters have shown a fresh enthusiasm for candidates with no elected experience. This year, as the military has opened more jobs to women closer to the front lines, several of those veterans are females with battlefield scars and pioneering accomplishments.

Tammy Duckworth, who graduated from McKinley High School, was a captain in the Army National Guard, sent to Iraq in 2004 and injured in November of that year when the Black Hawk helicopter she was co-piloting was struck but landed safely. In her second bid for Congress, the Democrat and former assistant secretary at Veterans Affairs hopes to wrest a northern Illinois seat from Republican Rep. Joe Walsh, an outspoken tea party freshman whose comments have stirred controversy.

Republicans and Demo­crats consider the 44-year-old Duckworth the favorite.

Tulsi Gabbard was a specialist with the medical unit of the 29th Brigade of the Army National Guard and a military police platoon leader who helped train the Kuwaiti national guard's counterterrorism unit. The 31-year-old stunned Hawaii's political establishment earlier this month with a come-from-behind win in the Democratic primary.

The former Honolulu councilwoman is favored in the Democratic-leaning district in November.

Martha McSally, an Air Force Academy graduate, is the first woman to fly a fighter aircraft in combat and the first to command a fighter squadron. She is expected to clinch the Republican nomination in Arizona's Aug. 28 primary and likely will face Democratic Rep. Ron Barber in a redrawn district once represented by Gabrielle Giffords.

That expected matchup is considered a tossup.

"We're breaking barriers and there's more that needs to come," Duckworth said. "Women who have worn the uniform (serving) in Congress will help nudge things along."

McSally quickly points out that the oath for a military officer — to support and defend the Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic — is the same for a member of Congress.

"I served my country in uniform for 26 years," the 46-year-old said. "I personally consider this (congressional bid) just a continuation of my service to my country."

Forty years ago, military service was a standard line on nearly every lawmaker's biography as generations of veterans who fought in World War II, Korea and Vietnam won seats in Congress. In 1969-71, 398 veterans served in the House and 69 in the Senate, according to the Congressional Research Service.

The shift to the all-volunteer force in 1973 sent those numbers plummeting, and few from the military joined the congressional ranks. Today, lawmakers with service in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and the National Guard and Reserves total 88 in the House and 24 in the Senate, among them decorated World War II veteran Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, and Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., a former Navy pilot and Vietnam prisoner of war.

The numbers amount to about 22 percent of the 535-member House and Senate.

During THE more than 10 years of conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan, women by necessity worked as medics, military police and intelligence officers and were attached to battalions of about 800 soldiers, even though they couldn't be formally assigned to the unit. Many flew helicopters supporting the battalion that went out on patrol or were medics.

New military rules earlier this year formally opened these jobs at the battalion level to women, though they are still banned from serving as infantry, armor and special operations forces.

Of the approximately 1.4 million military personnel, 207,308 are women, including 37,807 officers, according to Pentagon statistics.

Seth Lynn, director of the Center for Second Service at George Washington University, which trains veterans to run for elective office, said those female war veterans smash the stereotypes.

"People are going to question whether you're tough enough to serve in office. Is it fair? Maybe it's fair or it's not, but you have to demonstrate that you are," Lynn said. "Tammy Duckworth doesn't have that problem. Tulsi Gabbard doesn't have that problem."

At least three women with military experience have served or are serving in Congress. Heather Wilson, an Air Force Academy graduate who was with the service in the 1980s, was a House member from New Mexico and is seeking the open Senate seat this year.

Catherine Small Long, who was with the U.S. Navy in World War II, represented Louisiana in the House in 1985-87.

Freshman Rep. Sandy Adams of Florida worked as an aircraft electrician with the Air Force from 1974-75. She lost in Florida's primary on Tuesday to fellow Republican Rep. John Mica.

Duckworth said female war veterans in Congress will have a unique voice in Washington.

"When people talk about invading Iran, I'm going to make sure we have real discussions about the cost of war and whether this is in the very best interest of the country," she said. "I dare them to question my patriotism and I think Tulsi will have that same capacity having served in Iraq."

Duckworth said she will continue to push for the military to open more jobs to women.

McSally challenged the military establishment, forcing it to reverse a policy that required U.S. servicewomen to wear a Muslim abaya and headscarf when they were based in Saudi Arabia.

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Anonymous wrote:
It's interesting to note that there previously were so many veterans and now not so many. It DOES make a difference when a person has been to war and knows the true cost in lives and everything else. Maybe that's why we've had so many extended wars over the past few decades (perhaps not enough of our Congress members take war seriously enough when they've never been there themselves.) I respect these women greatly for their willingness to sacrifice and put their lives on the line. I wish them success in their runs. I supported Tulsi Gabbard in her run for Congress and I'm glad so many voters agreed with me that she's the best candidate to represent us in Congress.
on August 23,2012 | 02:26AM
peanutgallery wrote:
Tulsi Gabbard supports Barrack Obama's failed Presidency 100%. She said as much in her early tv ads. The country can no longer afford Obama and his failed Presidency. Tulsi is the wrong candidate.
on August 23,2012 | 03:29AM
pikake888 wrote:
Tulsi will help clean up the corruption in Washington and on Wall Street - this is what will actually help get the economy back on track.
on August 23,2012 | 07:46AM
Descartes22 wrote:
It is unlikely that historians will view the presidency of Hawai`i's Obama as "failed." The eight years of his predecessor, on the other hand, rank him with such stalwarts of the office as Hoover and Fillmore. The Republicans in the legislative branch have had only one policy objective over the past four years - limit Obama to one term. If there is any failure in serving the nation's best interests, it rests with the GOP's elected leaders.
on August 23,2012 | 07:55AM
busterb wrote:
Descartes don't even go there about the Republican House! Over 17% of America thinks they are doing a good job! Even MSNBC can't spin popularity like that! If they were baseball players, they'd be Barry Bonds.
on August 23,2012 | 08:39AM
busterb wrote:
I agree. That's why we should send Lingle up there to furlough all those bums!
on August 23,2012 | 08:34AM
James_M wrote:
These wahine vets deserve respect. We could use more leaders in Congress like them.
on August 23,2012 | 03:55AM
residenttaxpayer wrote:
Tammy Duckworth, Tulsi Gabbard and Martha McSally have my respect and thanks for their service to the country.
on August 23,2012 | 07:21AM
808Cindy wrote:
The Democrates provide the right choices!
on August 23,2012 | 07:48AM
iwanaknow wrote:
Put more mothers in government with kids in the Military and we might see us in less wars?
on August 23,2012 | 12:07PM
kennie1933 wrote:
Sometimes I wonder if ALL the world powers were run by women with children, what would it be like? Well, we'll never know because men will never let it happen.
on August 23,2012 | 02:00PM
kainalu wrote:
I love Tammy Duckworth. The quintessential true American Hero.
on August 23,2012 | 01:24PM
Maneki_Neko wrote:
Does she know of your love? Or is it a love that can not be mentioned?
on August 23,2012 | 05:40PM
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