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State unveils new rules for solar tax credits

By Alan Yonan Jr.

LAST UPDATED: 03:51 p.m. HST, Nov 09, 2012

The state Department of Taxation issued new rules today that will effectively limit the ability of homeowners to claim multiple tax credits for the installation of solar photovoltaic systems.

The “temporary administrative rules” include language defining a photovoltaic system by its output capacity in an attempt to clarify what constitutes an eligible PV system for tax purposes, department officials said. The rules will be effective for PV systems put in place starting Jan. 1.

Current law allows homeowners to claim an income tax credit of 35 percent for PV systems with a cap of $5,000 per system. However, because the way solar technology has evolved and tax guidance has been interpreted, many homeowners have installed multiple PV systems on their properties, claiming a state credit for each system and effectively eluding the cap.

Under the new rules a PV systems of any size will still be eligible for the 35 percent credit. But for purposes of the cap a homeowner will be allowed one credit for each five kilowatts of PV generating capacity. For example, the tax credit for a home with a five-kilowatt PV system would be capped at $5,000. The credit for a home with two five-kilowatt systems would be capped at $10,000.

A five-kilowatt PV system is typical for a household using 500 kilowatt hours to 600 kilowatt hours of electricity a month.

The Tax Department in 2010 issued guidance on the matter to taxpayers in response to concerns that the some PV system owners were having their projects broken into multiple systems in order to circumvent the cap. The department tried to address the issue by issuing several tax information releases (TIRs) that stated the number of PV systems on a property was determined by the number of independent connections to the main utility meter or circuit breaker.

Despite the guidance Tax Department officials continued to receive calls and complaints from taxpayers and tax accountants saying the rules were still confusing, according to Fred Pablo, department director.

“The TIRs 2010 didn’t do the job,” Pablo said. “They allowed an electrical engineer to sign off on matters that could be interpreted as tax avoidance. You should not have electrical engineer determine what is eligible for a tax credit,” he said. “You had one PV installer saying a project was three systems and another saying it was one system. There was no consistency.”

Solar industry executives maintain that whatever confusion existed in the past has mostly been resolved, and that some homeowners need multiple systems for valid engineering reasons or physical site limitations.

The Blue Planet Foundation, a Honolulu-based clean energy advocate, said the rules will have a negative impact on the state’s effort to reduce its dependence on petroleum.

“Until now, solar energy installations have been a remarkable bright spot in Hawaii’s economy,” Foundation Executive Director Jeff Mikulina said in a prepared statement. “Catalyzing hundreds of millions of dollars of private investment in Hawaii’s clean energy future, the state’s existing 35 percent renewable energy tax credit has been an overwhelming success, making solar the fastest-growing and largest source of new energy in the Islands.

 “The Blue Planet Foundation believes that the Department of Taxation’s proposed rule changes significantly reduce the ability for residents to participate in the benefits of solar energy. The new rules will effectively slash the tax credit in half for the average taxpayer who now chooses to install solar. Homeowners and renters that have yet to adopt solar will have a reduced incentive to take control of their fossil fuel-based energy bills.”

The new rules also set capacity thresholds for multi-family residential properties and commercial properties. For multi-family properties each system for which a credit is claimed must have an output capacity of at least 360 watts per unit per system. Commercial systems must have an output capacity of at least 1,000 kilowatts for each credit claimed.

The PV credits are part of the state’s broader renewable energy tax credit program conceived as an incentive to reduce Hawaii’s dependence on fossil fuel. The credits started coming under scrutiny in recent years as the popularity of PV systems resulted in the loss of more tax revenue than expected.

State lawmakers last session considered several bills that would have curtailed the solar tax credit, but they were  unable to reach a compromise before the session ended. Lawmakers will likely revisit the issue again next year.

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Pocho wrote:
so they saying the minimum for 1 system has to be at least rated @ 5kWh's? depending on the panels and inverters it could take 2 system to reach the 5kWh's output. Need some clarification here, are they saying 5kWh system minimum rated output to claim 1 $5000 tax credit only even though physically it took 2 separate pv system on a single residential unit to create 5kWh's? did I make sense there? Crazy stuff here having to decypher what they really mean. What about current pv owners wanting to only add on another 3kWh's worth of pv panels, Does that meant they don't qualify for the add-on pv systerm to their existing work?
on November 9,2012 | 11:16AM
goodday wrote:
5kW is huge for the average single family home that conserves electricity.
on November 9,2012 | 11:30AM
Pocho wrote:
buy the pv system and no need conserve. That's the plan, I 've no worries leaving on my lights, tv pc and watnots on 24/7.
on November 9,2012 | 11:35AM
Pocho wrote:
hmm, I wonder if that's 5000w's divided by 210w inverters that = ~ 24 each of the 220w panels that will pair up with those inverters. Roughly I'd say that's $250 worth of electricity/month. So maybe some small families will have to over buy a system to qualify for the tax credits. Plus with the inverters/panels that I currently have it'd take 2 separate sysems to produce that energy. Now does that qualify for only 1 system tax credit or can we still claim 2 because physically it's 2 systems. Where do you draw the line, even the CPA's are lost in this because they are not PV system smart, that's not their job! And without clear lines drawn the consumer who's the end user claiming the tax credits being at the mercy of the State Tax auditor because the lines are not clear enough to understand the rules.
on November 9,2012 | 12:00PM
Ripoff wrote:
on November 9,2012 | 01:20PM
bnc_connection wrote:
Please change the photo. The photo is of a solar water heating system, not a PV system.
on November 9,2012 | 03:03PM
Kokoy wrote:
Ha noticed that too.,...come on Alan Yonan, Jr.!
on November 9,2012 | 03:37PM
kaiakea wrote:
Although the info is confusing, sounds like Helco is calling the shots on this one.
on November 9,2012 | 03:44PM
tasod wrote:
Tax credits should be only given to USA made systems. Not the cheap stuff from our enemies in China.
on November 9,2012 | 04:25PM
wayneki wrote:
If revenue shortfall is the issue then put the same $5,000 limit on corporate installations. After all, you should not have a bureaucrat defining what an appropriate system is. Let's think of more ways the State and City can screw residents with tax and fee increases - gas tax, vehicle weight tax, registration fee, sewer fee, water fee, property tax, battery disposal fee, RAIL TAX, and what next.
on November 9,2012 | 06:49PM
PaPakoolau808 wrote:
Saw one system ( 5 KWH) was about 11-12000.
on November 9,2012 | 07:06PM
Kuokoa wrote:
I believe that the intent from the start was that a "system" was supposed to be the entire collection of PV panels installed on the house or commercial building. The solar companies, however, configured the PV panels in such a way so as to take advantage of multiple tax credits. Who made money? The PV solar company. I think the State should go one step further and those who got multiple credits should be required to repay the credits.
on November 9,2012 | 09:47PM
GAC wrote:
i agree with kuokoa.
on November 9,2012 | 10:36PM
Get_A_Grip wrote:
I have reviewed the new rules, and they are internally inconsistent. Word is that the state refused dialogue with business and environmental groups. The result is that they have created more confusion and instability than ever. Abercrombie, you have now lost my support.
on November 9,2012 | 10:47PM
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