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North Korea threatens further actions following latest nuke test

By Associated Press

LAST UPDATED: 01:16 p.m. HST, Feb 12, 2013

PYONGYANG, North Korea » Defying U.N. warnings, North Korea on Tuesday (Monday in Hawaii) conducted its third nuclear test in the remote, snowy northeast, taking a crucial step toward its goal of building a bomb small enough to be fitted on a missile capable of striking the United States.

North Korea said the atomic test was merely its "first response" to what it called U.S. threats, and said it will continue with unspecified "second and third measures of greater intensity" if Washington maintains its hostility.

The underground test, which set off powerful seismic waves, drew immediate condemnation from Washington, the U.N. and others. Even its only major ally, China, summoned the North's ambassador for a dressing-down.

President Barack Obama, who was scheduled to give a State of the Union address later today, said nuclear tests "do not make North Korea more secure." Instead, North Korea has "increasingly isolated and impoverished its people through its ill-advised pursuit of weapons of mass destruction," he said in a statement.

In an emergency session, the U.N. Security Council unanimously said the test poses "a clear threat to international peace and security" and pledged further action.

U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice called the test "highly provocative" and said the North's continued work on its nuclear and missile programs threatens regional and international peace and security and "the security of a number of countries including the United States."

"They will not be tolerated," she said, "and they will be met with North Korea's increasing isolation and pressure under United Nations sanctions."

It remains to be seen, however, whether China will sign on to any new, binding global sanctions. Beijing, Pyongyang's primary trading partner, has resisted measures that would cut off North Korea's economy completely.

China expressed firm opposition to Tuesday's test but called for a calm response by all sides. Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi summoned North Korea's ambassador and delivered a "stern representation" and demanded that North Korea "swiftly return to the correct channel of dialogue and negotiation," the ministry said in a statement.

The test was a defiant North Korean response to U.N. orders that it shut down its atomic activity or face more sanctions and international isolation. It will likely draw more sanctions from the United States and other countries at a time when North Korea is trying to rebuild its moribund economy and expand its engagement with the outside world.

Several U.N. resolutions bar North Korea from conducting nuclear or missile tests because the Security Council considers Pyongyang a would-be proliferator of weapons of mass destruction and its nuclear testing a threat to international peace and stability. North Korea dismisses that as a double standard, and claims the right to build nuclear weapons as a defense against the United States, which has been seen as enemy No. 1 since the 1950-53 Korean War. The U.S. stations more than 28,000 troops in South Korea to protect its ally.

Tuesday's test is North Korea's first since young leader Kim Jong Un took power of a country long estranged from the West. The test will likely be portrayed in North Korea as a strong move to defend the nation against foreign aggression, particularly from the U.S.

"The test was conducted in a safe and perfect way on a high level, with the use of a smaller and light A-bomb, unlike the previous ones, yet with great explosive power," North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency said.

The U.N. Security Council recently punished North Korea for a rocket launch in December that the U.N. and Washington called a cover for a banned long-range missile test. Pyongyang said it was a peaceful launch of a satellite into space. In condemning that launch, the council demanded a stop to future launches and ordered North Korea to respect a ban on nuclear activity — or face "significant action" by the U.N.

China expressed firm opposition to Tuesday's test but called for a calm response by all sides. Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi summoned North Korea's ambassador and delivered a "stern representation" and demanded that North Korea "swiftly return to the correct channel of dialogue and negotiation," the ministry said in a statement.

The timing of the test is significant. It came hours before Obama's speech and only days before the Saturday birthday of Kim Jong Un's father, late leader Kim Jong Il, whose memory North Korean propaganda has repeatedly linked to the country's nuclear ambitions.

This year also marks the 60th anniversary of the signing of the armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean War, and in late February South Korean President-elect Park Geun-hye will be inaugurated.

In Pyongyang, where it was snowing Tuesday, North Koreans gathered around televisions to watch a 3 p.m. TV broadcast announcing the nuclear test.

The test shows the world that North Korea is a "nuclear weapons state that no one can irritate," Kim Mun Chol, a 42-year-old Pyongyang citizen, told The Associated Press in the North Korean capital. "Now we have nothing to be afraid of in the world."

The National Intelligence Service in Seoul told lawmakers that North Korea may conduct an additional nuclear test and test-launch a ballistic missile in response to U.N. talks about imposing more sanctions, according to the office of South Korean lawmaker Jung Chung-rae, who attended the private meeting. Analysts have also previously speculated that Pyongyang might conduct multiple tests, possibly of plutonium and uranium devices.

North Korea is estimated to have enough weaponized plutonium for four to eight bombs, according to American nuclear scientist Siegfried Hecker.

It wasn't immediately clear to outside experts whether the device exploded Tuesday was small enough to fit on a missile, and whether it was fueled by plutonium or highly enriched uranium. A successful test would take North Korean scientists a step closer to building a nuclear warhead that can reach U.S. shores —seen as the ultimate goal of North Korea's nuclear program.

In 2006, and 2009, North Korea is believed to have tested devices made of plutonium. But in 2010, Pyongyang revealed a program to enrich uranium, which would give the country a second source of bomb-making materials — a worrying development for the U.S. and its allies.

"This latest test and any further nuclear testing could provide North Korean scientists with additional information for nuclear warhead designs small enough to fit on top of its ballistic missiles," Daryl Kimball and Greg Thielmann wrote on the private Arms Control Association's blog. "However, it is likely that additional testing would be needed for North Korea to field either a plutonium or enriched uranium weapon."

Uranium would be a worry because plutonium facilities are large and produce detectable radiation, making it easier for outsiders to find and monitor. However, uranium centrifuges can be hidden from satellites, drones and nuclear inspectors in caves, tunnels and other hard-to-reach places. Highly enriched uranium also is easier than plutonium to engineer into a weapon.

Monitoring stations in South Korea detected an earthquake in the North with a magnitude of 4.9 and the South's Defense Ministry said that corresponds to an estimated explosive yield of 6-7 kilotons.

The yields of the North's 2006 and 2009 tests were estimated at 1 kiloton and 2 to 6 kilotons, respectively, spokesman Kim Min-seok said. By comparison, U.S. nuclear bombs that flattened Nagasaki and Hiroshima during World War II were estimated at 13 kilotons and 22 kilotons, respectively, Kim said.

The test is a product of North Korea's military-first, or songun, policy, and shows Kim Jong Un is running the country much as his father did, said Daniel Pinkston of the International Crisis Group think tank.

The other part of a credible North Korean nuclear deterrent is its missile program. While it has capable short and medium-range missiles, it has struggled in tests of technology for long-range missiles needed to carry bombs to the United States, although it successfully launched the satellite in December.

North Korea isn't close to having a nuclear bomb it can use on the United States or its allies. Instead, Hecker said in a posting on Stanford University's website, "it wants to hold U.S. interests at risk of a nuclear attack to deter us from regime change and to create international leverage and diplomatic maneuvering room."

Associated Press writers Kim Kwang Hyon in Pyongyang, North Korea; Foster Klug, Hyung-jin Kim, Youkyung Lee and Sam Kim in Seoul, South Korea; Yuri Kageyama and Malcolm Foster in Tokyo; and Christopher Bodeen in Beijing contributed to this report.

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NanakuliBoss wrote:
In the world constitution, does North Korea have a second amendment right?
on February 12,2013 | 08:09AM
BigOpu wrote:
Scary. North K is rogue. I guess they figure if everyone cuts off their lifeline, they will simply reciprocate with a bomb. Sort of that "if you take me down, you're going down with me" attitude.
on February 12,2013 | 09:07AM
allie wrote:
agree..scary..much more so than cautious iran
on February 12,2013 | 12:57PM
808warriorfan wrote:
Bring it on North Korea...let's see what you got...then the rest of the world will be justified in wiping you off the face of the earth and be done w/ you kooks !!!!! The South Korea can have it all
on February 12,2013 | 09:13AM
cojef wrote:
"Dooms Day" preparation on the part of NK. You push me around and when my starving people have lost all hope, you all will feel what it feels like when your back is against the wall. His antagonism is directly at the US as the primary source what is causing his people to suffer, not realizing that all spending by their Government is directed for military war preparations. That seems to be the scenario that is unfolding.
on February 12,2013 | 09:43AM
lew4543 wrote:
This is all Harry Truman's fault for firing Gen. McCarthur. Should have turned him loose when he had him over there.
on February 12,2013 | 09:33AM
hanalei395 wrote:
After MacArthur WENT AROUND, saying that both China and N. Korea be nuked, Truman got rid of that idiot.
on February 12,2013 | 05:16PM
kennysmith wrote:
THEY BETTER START NOW IN STOPING N.KOREA OF HAVEING ANY MORE RIGHTS. the un need to step in and stop them now.
on February 12,2013 | 10:02AM
808kela wrote:
What is wrong with that country? They're crazy!
on February 12,2013 | 10:29AM
hanalei395 wrote:
They are crazy. They think that their No.1 enemy, the U.S., and right on their southern border, WILL, someday, attack them. And it's making them nervous.
on February 12,2013 | 07:47PM
moondog73 wrote:
"Now we have nothing to be afraid of in the world." How about all your people starving to death?
on February 12,2013 | 10:58AM
hanalei395 wrote:
They are afraid...of the U.S. From Gen. MacArthur .. to.. present day U.S. warhawks...."Nuke 'em".
on February 12,2013 | 07:57PM
TLehel wrote:
I still wonder why NK has carried on their hatred for this long. It makes me think there's more to this than we're led to believe. I want to know the real reason why they hate us so. I won't buy a fabricated war if that's what this is.
on February 12,2013 | 11:47AM
honopic wrote:
They need a foreign demon to keep their own people in line. The North Koreans are so brainwashed, they are willing to starve and endure brutal conditions for their ""Father" Kim Jong Il and now for his son Kim Jong-un. Over half the 26 million people are undernourished. Most areas have no electricity at night. Whole forests have been stripped bare for firewood and bark to make soup. The famine has killed over a million people. What little food there is goes to the rich Party bosses and military, or to those few who can afford sky-high prices. They have no civil liberties: no freedom of expression, of movement, of the press. The internet is banned. There is no due process. Long imprisonments at hard labor and the death penalty are common. Attempts to flee a prison camp or escape the country are met with executions, sometimes on the spot. Between 600,000 and 800,000 people died from "unnatural causes" in the 15 years from 1993 to 2008. So, those of you shouting "Nuke 'em" remember -- these are people who know nothing about us but what they are told by their leaders. Take out the leaders or force them to give up power, fine. But don't blame the poor people who have to struggle every day just to survive.
on February 12,2013 | 03:22PM
hanalei395 wrote:
Why the N. Koreans have hatred for the U.S. for this long? For one, their leaders keep reminding their populace what George W. Bush said about them ... that along with Iraq and Iran, the N. Koreans are one of the "Axis of Evil". After Bush said that, the U.S. attacked Iraq ... and they are sure that they're next.
on February 12,2013 | 04:06PM
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