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U.S. veterans watch as insurgents undo sacrifices in Iraq

By Associated Press

LAST UPDATED: 12:09 p.m. HST, Jun 13, 2014

Marine Sgt. Colin Archipley's unit suffered heavy casualties in the savage house-to-house fighting against insurgents holed up in the Iraqi city of Fallujah in 2004.

Nearly a decade later, he watched in frustration from his organic farm north of San Diego as an al-Qaida splinter group seized control of Fallujah, Mosul and other Iraqi cities that Lima Company and other units risked so much to protect.

Iraq's opportunity "was squandered," he said. "I'm not sure what else we could have done."

At VFW halls, kitchen tables and rehabilitation clinics around the country, this week's stunning advance into Mosul left many U.S. veterans reflecting with bitterness and sadness on the sacrifices of a war that lasted for more than eight years and killed nearly 4,500 Americans and tens of thousands of Iraqis.

"In many ways, it just feels like a waste -- a waste of many lives, a waste of many years," retired Army Col. Barry Johnson said from his home in Potlatch, Idaho.

On the broad stage of Middle East affairs, the unraveling highlights the resilience of extremists and the risks of weakened central authority. It also raises wider questions about the future of Afghanistan after international forces withdraw later this year and about the growing influence of militant Islamic factions among Syrian rebels.

Johnson stood on Iraq's border with Kuwait as the last U.S. military convoy left in late 2011. Even then, he said, it was evident that Iraq's military and security forces were not up to the challenges at hand.

Those tests included trying to confront strongholds of groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, which has managed to drive back better-armed Iraqi forces. Iraq's Shiite-led government -- allied with both Washington and Tehran -- is also increasingly estranged from Iraq's Sunni minority, which claims the Shiite leadership runs roughshod over their rights and concerns.

"It was clear that the Iraqi government and the Iraqi military were not going to be able to sustain themselves and keep the situation from deteriorating," Johnson said.

Because the cities loom so large on the roll call of Iraq battlefields, their loss sharpens the sting.

Fallujah, a mostly Sunni city west of Baghdad, was the scene in 2004 of some of heaviest U.S. urban combat since Vietnam. It later became a centerpiece of Washington's efforts to recruit Sunni militias as allies against insurgents.

"Losing Fallujah, when I heard that the first time a few months back, I really just honestly wanted to throw chairs across the room, because what I've done there has basically just been undone," said former Marine Sgt. Ben Colin at VFW Post No. 6776 in Albany, New York. "We just basically went there and did nothing, in my opinion."

In Mosul, Iraq's second-largest city, U.S. forces battled block by block against insurgents in 2009 before the deadline for American troops to leave major urban centers.

Martin Schaefer, an Army reservist who did two tours in Iraq and now lives in Darien, Illinois, groped for the right word to define his emotions. Not mad or upset, he said.

"Sad," he decided. "Sad to see that the work that had been accomplished by the U.S. and Iraqi forces is being undone by an insurgency."

In the Boston suburb of Arlington, veteran Jeffrey Chunglo winced at reports of insurgents seizing U.S. military equipment, including armored vehicles and weapons that had been left with Iraqi forces to defend Mosul.

"I think we were in a hurry for an exit strategy," said Chunglo, who served as a senior hospital corpsman with the Navy. "I think, obviously, a little more time could have been spent putting together a better plan for ongoing monitoring -- especially over the last year -- to limit the (insurgents') impact."

But many veterans acknowledge the pressures in Washington from a war-weary nation, particularly with Taliban violence on the rise in Afghanistan and demands for greater involvement in the Arab Spring uprisings.

New York veteran Matthew Pelak questions the staggering mandate given to U.S. commanders after the 2003 invasion to bridge the huge rifts between Iraq's three major groups: Sunnis who once rode high under Saddam, majority Shiites who took the mantle after Saddam's fall and the semi-autonomous Kurds in the north.

"We removed the government, the standing army, any way for that country to organize itself," said Pelak, a former Army sergeant who served in Iraq from 2004 to 2005 and later returned as a security contractor with the company then called Blackwater. "So it's a bit tough to just say, 'Hey, let's all play nice in the sand box.'"

In Iraq, Marine Staff Sgt. Marcus Berleson of Weatherford, Texas, served as a squad leader. In Afghanistan, he lost both arms and vision in his left eye trying to disarm an improvised bomb in December 2011.

"When we pulled out of (Iraq), we left a big power void," said Berleson, who now does outreach with wounded veterans. "We didn't have the country stable on its feet yet. It didn't have a true infrastructure. It didn't have true security forces or a military that was actually willing to stand up and secure the country for itself."

But few veterans appeared to support a return of U.S. ground forces to Iraq -- a prospect that Pelak called "an incredibly bad idea."

"I think there is no place for the U.S. military right now in there," he said. "It would further just confuse the situation in an already chaotic environment."

For a former top U.S. commander in northern Iraq, the images of Mosul falling to insurgents leave only a sense of helplessness and sorrow.

"I keep going back to the number of soldiers who have given the best part of their lives to help make this country (Iraq) better," said retired Gen. Mark Hertling, who now lives in Orlando, Florida. "It's saddening and it's disheartening, and you know you can't do anything about it to fix it."

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star08 wrote:
War is not the Answer!
on June 13,2014 | 12:15PM
HIE wrote:
It is for Republicans and their military contractor/manufacturer cronies. Dick Cheney and his buddies at Halliburton made serious bank from the Iraq War. NRA loves war as well, since who they really represent are gun/ammo manufacturers, not individual gun owners.
on June 13,2014 | 12:46PM
Ronin006 wrote:
Yes HIE, war always is the answer for Republicans and their military contractor/manufacturer cronies. Wilson got us into World War I, Roosevelt got us into World War II, Truman got us into Korea and Johnson got us into Vietnam. But wait. They all were Democrats. Are you awake, HIE?
on June 13,2014 | 02:44PM
eastside808 wrote:
Regardless of who wins in the Middle East it is apparent that US efforts to stabilize this area is senseless and wasteful. Best course of action is to let them fight amongst themselves and after ten quiet years if they invite the US for some guidance then may be. Way too many extreme religious sects to contend with. We should mind our own business and continue to develop our green energy resources.
on June 13,2014 | 12:41PM
sailfish1 wrote:
Much thanks go to all the U.S. military members who gave their best efforts to make Iraq a good stable place. Unfortunately, Iraq leaders, namely Maliki, have not done their best to make Iraq a country equal for all (namely the Sunnis, the Shiites, and the Kurds) - and so there is another revolution taking place. Sad place.
on June 13,2014 | 01:19PM
ippikiokami wrote:
Babylon or modern day Iraq has been conquered, and reconquered for the past 5,000 years, to many times to count. In 2003, when American leaders said that they would bring freedom and democracy to Iraq, I felt depressed because history was not on our side, and apparently so.
on June 13,2014 | 01:29PM
entrkn wrote:
And it was all about the George Bush family feud with Saddam Hussein...
on June 13,2014 | 02:15PM
samidunn wrote:
All Bush's fault. Funny I don't ever remember Ragan blaming Carter for anything.
on June 13,2014 | 03:00PM
HawaiiCheeseBall wrote:
Maybe its because Carter didn't start any wars, come to think of it Carter didn't do much of anything.
on June 13,2014 | 03:49PM
paradiddle wrote:
When will we learn that we cannot to be the "Guardian" of the world? Especially when our efforts are not wanted and our sacrifices are not only unappreciated, but vilified. Didn't we learn our lesson from VietNam? God Bless the men and women of our military who did their duty and the families of the thousands who were wounded and suffered and especially those who paid the ultimate price. Semper Fi!
on June 13,2014 | 05:41PM
HD36 wrote:
Our role of "guardian of the world" has led to an increasing revolving door between multinational corporations and government. John Perkins, in his book, Confessions of an Economic Hit man, explains the role of each in a symbiotic method of colonialism designed to appear benevolent.
on June 13,2014 | 06:31PM
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