POSTED: 08:41 a.m. HST, Jan 29, 2011
LAST UPDATED: 11:48 a.m. HST, Jan 29, 2011
WASHINGTON — President Barack Obama issued a plea for restraint in Egypt after meeting with national security aides Saturday to assess the Cairo government's response to widespread protests threatening the stability of the country.
A White House statement said Obama "reiterated our focus on opposing violence and calling for restraint, supporting universal rights, and supporting concrete steps that advance political reform within Egypt."
But Obama offered no reaction to Mubarak's decision earlier Saturday to name a vice president for the first time since coming to power nearly 30 years ago. Mubarak appointed his intelligence chief, Omar Suleiman, who is well respected by American officials. The president also fired his Cabinet.
Five days of protests have left more than 70 dead.
Before Suleiman's appointment, State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said the U.S. wanted to see Mubarak fulfill his pledges of reform as protests swept the country.
"The Egyptian government can't reshuffle the deck and then stand pat," Crowley said on his Twitter account. "President Mubarak's words pledging reform must be followed by action."
Crowley said Egyptians "no longer accept the status quo. They are looking to their government for a meaningful process to foster real reform."
After speaking to Mubarak by telephone late Friday, Obama delivered a four-minute statement calling on the Egyptian leader to take steps to democratize his government and refrain from using violence against his people.
As events unfolded Saturday, Obama and his advisers kept a low profile.
The president spent part of the morning watching one of his daughter's basketball games at a community center in the Maryland suburbs.
At the White House, top diplomatic, security and intelligence officials gathered for two hours to review the situation in Egypt. The meeting was led by national security adviser Tom Donilon and included White House chief of staff William Daley and CIA Director Leon Panetta. Vice President Joe Biden, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Margaret Scobey, the U.S. ambassador to Egypt, participated by teleconference, the White House said.
Obama did not attend that session.
His afternoon meeting with many of the same officials also included press secretary Robert Gibbs and adviser David Plouffe.
Suleiman has played an active role in the peace process, particularly in trying to arrange compromise between rival Palestinian factions, Fatah and Hamas. He has been at the forefront of the Egyptian effort to crackdown on arms smuggling from Egypt into Gaza.
Suleiman has been "the point person on both the U.S. relationship and the Israel-Egyptian relationship," said Jon Alterman, Mideast director at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "He's very reassuring both ways."
Diplomatic cables released by Wikileaks help illustrate that point. One reports on an April 2009 meeting between Suleiman and Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Suleiman, the cable says, "explained that his overarching regional goal was combating radicalism, especially in Gaza, Iran, and Sudan."
The cable reports that Suleiman said Egypt must "confront" Iranian attempts to smuggle arms to Gaza and quotes him as saying "a Gaza in the hands of radicals will never be calm."
A 2007 cable discusses scenarios for presidential succession and reports the view of an Egyptian official that Mubarak's son Gamal viewed Suleiman as a potential threat.
A second cable from 2007 describes Suleiman as Mubarak's "consigliore," a term more typically used to the chief adviser to a Mafia leader. Even then, Suleiman was mentioned as likely to assume the role of vice president. It says Suleiman himself "adamantly denies any personal ambitions, but his interest and dedication to national service is obvious."
"He could be attractive to the ruling apparatus and the public at large as a reliable figure unlikely to harbor ambitions for another multi-decade presidency," the cable states. It also says Mubarak had promised to name Suleiman vice president "several years ago" but then reneged.
The cables were sent by the U.S. Embassy in Cairo.
Alterman said Suleiman's elevation to vice president is designed by Mubarak to signal resolve.
"It is intended to send a message that if Hosni Mubarak leaves, the system remains," he said. "It is not reassuring to the protesters, but it is reassuring to people who fear that Egypt might be slipping into chaos."
In New York, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Washington, protesters, many of them Egyptian-Americans, took to the streets demanding that Mubarak step down.
Outside the Egyptian Embassy a few miles (kilometers) from the White House, demonstrators also criticized the Obama administration's response to the tumult in Egypt. They waved Egyptian flags and held signs that read "Obama: Democracy or Hypocrisy?" and "Victory to the Egyptian People!"
Associated Press writers Matthew Lee in Washington and Matt Moore in Davos, Switzerland, contributed to this report.