New York Times
POSTED: 02:26 p.m. HST, Aug 31, 2011
It is a sign of the times: The Obama administration is planning to yield to strapped states and local governments who urged them to slow or be prepared to stop federal safety requirements that they replace thousands of road signs with bigger, brighter, more legible signs by 2018, arguing it would be the wrong way to make them to spend their limited money.
The administration plans to issue a proposal Tuesday to eliminate dozens of deadlines for replacing traffic signs to comply with safety standards initiated under the Bush administration, saying that communities should not be forced to install the new signs until the old ones wear out, officials said.
"A specific deadline for replacing street signs makes no sense and would have cost communities across America millions of dollars in unnecessary expenses," Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood said in a statement. "After speaking with local and state officials across the country, we are proposing to eliminate these burdensome regulations. It's just plain common sense."
The recommendations calling for the new signs were in the most recent edition of the "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices," a book of national road sign standards published by the Federal Highway Administration.
It is to street planners what Strunk and White is to writers or Hoyle's is to gamblers. If its strictures are sometimes mocked as picayune and procrustean — "When a mixed-case legend is used, the height of the lower-case letters shall be 3/4 of the height of the initial upper-case letter" — they are designed to make driving safer by helping aging drivers read traffic signs more easily, especially at night.
If the reprieve is likely to be met with relief by beleaguered local transportation officials, it is also likely to be met with dismay by safety advocates, who say the changes would save lives. Although only a quarter of travel takes place at night, highway officials have said, more than half of all traffic fatalities occur then. Safety advocates say that more legible signs, with better reflective properties, would allow drivers to spend less time reading signs and more time keeping their eyes on the road.
The new proposal calls for eliminating the 2018 deadline for replacing certain street name signs to meet minimum "retroreflectivity" standards, which make them easier to read at night, and requiring larger lettering. But the Department of Transportation wants to retain a dozen deadlines for sign upgrades that it says are critical to public safety. These include requirements for installing "One Way" signs at intersections with divided highways or one-way streets, and requiring "Stop" or "Yield" signs to be added at all railroad crossings without automatic gates or flashing lights.
Many local officials — and the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials — had expressed concerns about the new federal requirements. Some cities complained that replacing signs could cost them millions of dollars at a time when they are deferring other maintenance projects to save money.
States complained as well: Idaho officials wrote in January that "there is a real need to avert costs that may not have a good return on investment with regard to a meaningful safety benefit — at a time when all public agencies within Idaho can least afford it." New York State's Transportation Department said it was "very concerned that the necessary resources may not be available" to meet the deadlines.
The American Road and Transportation Builders Association took another tack. It said the new requirements would "result in significant roadway safety improvements" and argued that the federal government "should leave the compliance dates as currently written and focus much greater attention on ensuring that federal funding will be provided to local governments."
But in recent months Republicans in Congress have proposed cutting transportation spending, not spending more.