Suzanne Massion has been making art her whole life.
Massion, now 72 and living outside Chicago, said she couldn’t remember a time when she didn’t paint or draw — including her young adult years, which she spent on a dairy farm, and her time selling annuities for a savings and loan. For the last quarter-century, however, her artwork has become more than just a hobby. It’s now her main endeavor.
But relying solely on the traditional brick-and-mortar gallery to sell her art isn’t working for her anymore. In October, after going nearly two years without a sale at a gallery where she had a nine-year relationship with the owner, she decided to market her pieces more energetically online.
Massion now exhibits primarily at ugallery.com, a San Francisco-based juried site, expanding from a small presence there. And she has gotten results: She sold four pieces from the site in one month.
Massion is following a path taken by other older artists who, eager to continue creating and attempting to earn a living from art in their retirement, are turning to online sales to supplement or replace their gallery ties. With the change, older artists are having to learn to engage with an ever-widening pool of buyers on the internet.
The experience can be unsettling, she said.
“Going online and selling online was for me hitting a brick wall. The technological aspect of selling art online was foreign to me,” said Massion, who had a steep learning curve, starting with learning how to upload digital images.
The move to online sales is happening as drawings and photos are more frequently shared on sites like Facebook, Pinterest and Instagram, whether by professional artists or hobbyists. “The growth of social media has made artists of us all,” said David Winton, the chief executive of Kalisher, a company outside Chapel Hill, N.C., that places original art in businesses and other commercial spaces.
Given the growth in online art sales globally, making such a shift would be a smart move for artists. A report issued last year by the British insurer Hiscox showed sales on the online art market in 2016 were up 15 percent over the previous year, reaching $3.75 billion. In 2015, sales were at $3.27 billion, a 24 percent increase from 2014.
Matthew Dibble, 60, a roofer in Cleveland, painted in the off season for three decades before turning to art full time. He began posting his work — large-scale abstract paintings with vigorous brush strokes — on Facebook in 2009, not because he was thinking about selling, but because he was attracted to the idea that a post could be seen and shared by people around the world, he said. He got hooked on the platform after making his first online sale there, to a collector in France — even though at $1,500 it was a lower price than his work had been fetching. He later added accounts on Pinterest and Instagram, where he has more than 15,000 followers.
Since 2012, he has exhibited on saatchiart.com, a large commercial online outlet that displays more than 500 of his paintings, ranging in price from $2,500 to $10,000. He estimates he sells three to four works on the site a year. Working with the site, he said, “has allowed me to expand my audience and has helped me gain confidence and a new sense of optimism for the future.”
After a representative from Kalisher scouted Saatchi.com seeking Cleveland artists for a local client, Dibble landed a big commission in 2015. The result: 24 paintings hung as a single unit on display in the Hilton Cleveland Downtown Hotel. He earned just over $19,000 for the job.
Geoffrey Stein, 57, a former lawyer who now paints full time, was forced to make a change when a Westchester County gallery that displayed his work, Lionheart, closed last fall after the gallery owner died. The gallery director, Susan D. Grissom, took the inventory online, calling the new site paraphe.art. The power of social media influenced her decision. “Instagram is your new storefront,” she said.
Stein still sees a need to continue marketing in the physical world. He has been keeping some work with a gallery in Britain while also being digitally savvy. “Artists will need more than one platform,” he said.
Stein said he began showing his work on the Saatchi site while in art school in London in 2005-06. Through paraphe.art, his artwork is also shown on artsy.net, an online resource for art collecting and education. It provides buyers access to real-time auctions at Christie’s New York and Sotheby’s, among others. And he is on Facebook and Pinterest, as well as Instagram — the “gram” being his favorite because of its inherently visual nature.
Artists older than 50 make up a significant contingent of those represented by online galleries. Artsy.net estimates that nearly 50 percent of living artists represented on its site are older than 50, with similar proportions at Artnet.com and UGallery.
Ruth Finkelstein, associate director of the Robert N. Butler Columbia Aging Center at Columbia University, said people typically don’t retire from highly creative activities. “You do it as long as you can.”
Rachel A.J. Pownall, an art economist at Maastricht University in the Netherlands who prepared a report on art market trends for the European Fine Art Fair, said in an email: “The online developments are helping the art market blossom by reaching many more buyers through a large number of business models.” She said that the online market could be a boon for older women whose work might have been overlooked by traditional galleries.
To be sure, there can be some potential downsides to going online, but even those are changing. Artists have long relied on traditional galleries, for example, to navigate contracts and help them market their work. Now, online galleries are also bridging that gap. UGallery helps artists with pricing and offers advice about a professional path, and Saatchi Art has an artists relations team.