NEW YORK >> Hotel behemoth Marriott International is becoming even larger, taking over rival chain Starwood in a $12.2 billion deal that will catapult it to become the world’s largest hotelier by a wide margin.
The stock-and-cash deal, if completed, will add 50 percent more rooms to Marriott’s portfolio and give it more unique, design-focused hotels that appeal to younger travelers.
The acquisition is likely to start another round of hotel mergers.
“This causes everybody in the business to look around and say, ‘We don’t want to be the smallest,’” said Bjorn Hanson, a professor at the Tisch Center for Hospitality, Tourism and Sports Management at New York University.
The latest deal would leave Marriott with 5,500 properties and more than 1.1 million rooms around the world, uniting Starwood’s brands, which include Sheraton, Westin, W and St. Regis, with Marriott’s two dozen brands including Marriott’s Courtyard, Ritz-Carlton and Fairfield Inn.
In Hawaii, Marriott has 18 properties and Starwood has 11.
“There have been a number of suitors looking to buy Starwood over the past months, and Starwood has a number of key properties throughout the islands, Waikiki in particular,” said Joe Toy, president and CEO of Honolulu-based hotel consultancy Hospitality Advisors LLC. “If you look at the Waikiki beachfront, you’ve got the Sheraton Waikiki, the Moana and the Royal Hawaiian, which all have outstanding locations. And the Princess Kaiulani will soon be redeveloped by Kyo-ya.
“The Marriott also has some great properties, but the chain is much more in the timeshare market than Starwood is. If there are any changes, it may relate to market exclusivity provisions in the management contracts.”
The transaction is expected to close in the middle of 2016.
The next-largest hotel company is Hilton Worldwide with 4,500 properties and about 735,000 rooms.
“To be successful in today’s marketplace, a wide distribution of brands and hotels across price points is critical,” Starwood CEO Adam Aron said on a call with Wall Street analysts. “It appeals to travelers wherever they may go, leverages marketing and technology spend(ing), and strengthens frequent traveler loyalty. Today size matters.”
Marriott and Starwood — like other hotel chains — own few individual hotels. Instead they manage or franchise their brands to hundreds of individual owners, often real estate development companies. Those individual hotel owners are responsible for setting nightly room rates. It isn’t uncommon for a developer to own a Marriott, Hilton, Hyatt and Sheraton in the same city.
The merger will give Marriott 30 brands and more leverage with corporate travel departments, which often look for one giant chain to house all of their employees. Frequent business travelers also will be closely watching the deal. Starwood has a beloved frequent-guest program with partnerships with American Express, Delta Air Lines and Uber. Marriott has a much larger program with partnerships with Chase and United Airlines.
Marriott CEO Arne Sorenson said he was attracted to Starwood, in part, because of its loyalty program. He said the members skew a little younger than Marriott’s and that the program is “very valued by elite travelers.”
“We will take the best of both programs and make sure the bests are preserved,” he said on the analyst call. The details will be worked out in the coming months.
Back in April, Starwood announced its board was exploring strategic options for the hotel company. The Stamford, Conn., company has struggled to grow as fast as its rivals, particularly in “limited service hotels,” smaller properties that don’t have restaurants or banquet halls. They are often located on the side of the highway, near airports or in suburban office parks.
There was speculation in the markets about a potential deal with Holiday Inn owner Intercontinental Hotels Group and more recently Hyatt Hotels Corp. But in the end it was Marriott that prevailed.
Starwood’s strong international presence will aid Marriott. In the past few years, Starwood has made a strong push to grow in China, India, the United Arab Emirates and more-established European destinations. Marriott, in turn, has a well-established network of hotels including deep coverage of small towns and cities with its Fairfield Inn, Courtyard and Residence Inn brands.
The deal comes at a time of record hotel occupancy and rates.
During the first nine months of this year, guests filled 67.3 percent of the available rooms in the U.S., according to research firm STR. That’s the highest level since STR started collecting data in 1987. Guests have paid an average of $120.35 a night so far this year. The prior record, adjusted for inflation, was $119.70 in 2008.
Marriott, based in Bethesda, Md., has been aggressively growing. In April it acquired Canadian chain Delta Hotels and Resorts, helping it become the largest hotel company in Canada.
The boards of both companies approved the acquisition unanimously, which now must be approved by investors in both hotel chains.
Marriott’s Sorenson will be president and CEO of the combined company, and the headquarters will be in Bethesda. Marriott’s board of directors following the closing will increase to 14 from 11 members, with the expected addition of three members from Starwood’s board.
Marriott said it expects to deliver at least $200 million in annual savings in the second full year after closing.
Last month Starwood announced the sale of its timeshare unit to Interval Leisure Group, with its shareholders retaining a 55 percent stake in the company. That deal is expected to close before the Marriott acquisition, with Starwood shareholders receiving additional compensation for their stake in the timeshare business.
Marriott has 18 properties in Hawaii, and Starwood has 11 across the state:
Courtyard Waikiki Beach; Waikiki Beach Marriott Resort & Spa; Courtyard Maui Kahului Airport; Courtyard King Kamehameha’s Kona Beach Hotel; Courtyard Kauai at Coconut Beach; The Ritz-Carlton Kapalua; Marriott’s Ko Olina Beach Club; Mauna Kea Beach Hotel, Autograph Collection; Marriott’s Waiohai Beach Club; Marriott’s Maui Ocean Club Lahaina & Napili Towers; Marriott’s Maui Ocean Club — Molokai, Maui & Lanai Towers; Courtyard Oahu North Shore; Kauai Marriott Resort; Marriott’s Kauai Beach Club; Marriott’s Kauai Lagoons, Kalanipuu; Waikoloa Beach Marriott Resort & Spa; Wailea Beach Marriott Resort & Spa; and the Residence Inn Maui Wailea
Sheraton Waikiki; Westin Moana Surfrider; The Royal Hawaiian, a Luxury Collection Resort; Sheraton Princess Kaiulani; Sheraton Maui; Westin Maui; Sheraton Kaanapali; Sheraton Kauai; St. Regis Princeville; Westin Princeville; and the Sheraton Kona