MIAMI >> Her water tasted like rusty pennies; the pepperoni pizza like metallic cardboard.
The more chemotherapy sessions Monica Faison-Finch got, the faster her taste buds gave out. Over time she became thinner and thinner as her appetite diminished. Everything that touched her tongue was tasteless.
But then, a miracle happened.
“When I tried the miracle fruit before my meal, my life changed,” said Faison-Finch, who was being treated for cervical cancer. “It was like the first time I had tasted food in about five or six weeks. It was like I was having my first meal.”
Miracle fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum), which grows on a small emerald tree, is a red berry native to Ghana. People have known for centuries that eating the tiny tropical fruit, the size of a large jelly bean, affects the way food tastes. Scientists say the fruit binds to the taste receptors on the tongue. After eating just one berry, the flavors of the food a person eats within the next hour are greatly enhanced.
Lemons taste like lemonade, strawberries as if they were on steroids.
Homestead, Fla., brothers Erik and Kris Tietig, owners of the Miracle Fruit Farm in Redland in South Dade, have donated hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of miracle fruit to cancer patients at local hospitals, charity organizations and research universities since 1972.
Over the decades, as the fruit became more popular, more people began to request it and the orders became too voluminous to handle. That’s when the brothers, who grew up on their parents’ farm, Pine Island Nursery, built a separate farm to cultivate, sell and donate the fruit in larger quantities.
“We are called and visited by people in one of the hardest times of their life,” said Erik Tietig, 40. “When we’re able to help them with the miracle fruit, mask that metallic sensation and actually enjoy a meal, it’s really a small victory.”
The fruit itself doesn’t have much nutritional value. It’s the unique glycoprotein called miraculin that conceals undesirable flavors and intensifies the natural flavors of food.
“One of the most common complaints nowadays with our patients is the very strong, metallic taste that occurs in the mouth of the patients undergoing treatments,” said Dr. Mike Cusnir, director of medicine at the Mount Sinai Comprehensive Cancer Center in Miami Beach.
Cusnir said one of his patients introduced him to the fruit in his office. He said he was shocked that researchers were not doing much with the revelation that the fruit can improve taste, which “has been such a common complaint of our patients for decades.”
After losing a family member to cancer a few years ago, the Tietigs were determined to help people battling the illness. They came face to face with the reality that patients often suffer extreme nausea and aversion to eating, and as a result, struggle with unwanted weight loss.
“Miracle fruit is not a fad. It doesn’t cure cancer or even help prevent cancer,” Erik Tietig said. “But what it does do is help alleviate terrible symptoms of chemotherapy in a very real and a very immediate way.”
YEARS OF RESEARCH
Although the Tietig family had been donating miracle fruit from Pine Island Nursery since 1972, the Miracle Fruit Farm didn’t come into existence until 2012. The family farm grows, packs and ships the fruit four days a week for both retail and wholesale customers. Right now, the farm has about 7,000 trees, which live in a shade house. This month, another 7,000 miracle fruit trees were planted.
The berries, which are in season year-round, are sold for 50 cents to $1 each. The majority of the farm’s production gets donated.
Because the fruit is difficult to harvest, it took the brothers years to discover how to produce the fruit in large quantities.
“The fruit itself goes bad anywhere from one to three days after being picked off the tree. Most farmers had shunned the berry, because it has no commercial viability and is highly perishable. Consequently, patients were having a tough time finding it,” Erik Tietig said.
Adamant that they would make it possible, the brothers invested their own money and built the miracle fruit farm themselves. After years of research and trial and error, they found a way to get the plant to mature quicker, a process they are keeping secret.
In the last six months, the brothers even rolled out miracle fruit tablets, designed to have a longer shelf life than the fruit.
Cancer patients swear by the fruit, saying it has brought new life during their toughest times. Faison-Finch was able to tolerate the smell of food again; her husband didn’t have to cook outside. Carol Sheppo of Vero Beach. Fla., said spaghetti and meatballs tasted like they were supposed to taste — like spaghetti and meatballs.
“It just opened up the whole flavor of food again, and life,” Sheppo said.