CANBERRA, Australia >> Australian airline Qantas Airways said today that it grounded three of its Boeing 737s over hairline cracks in wing structures but expects the planes to be repaired and flying again before the end of the year.
The airline has been inspecting its aircraft following calls this month from the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration for all airlines to check Boeing 737 NG planes that had completed more than 30,000 takeoff-and-landing cycles for cracking in a part that helps keep wings attached.
The planes are different from the 737 Max jets, which were grounded worldwide earlier this year after two crashes that killed 346 people.
Boeing said today that just over 1,000 NGs have been inspected and “less than 5%” will need repairs — up to about 50 planes.
Boeing declined to identify which airlines operate those planes. U.S.-based Southwest Airlines and Brazil’s Gol have reported finding problems with a small number of their NG jets.
American, United and Delta representatives said today that inspections have turned up none of the structural cracks in their NGs.
Qantas’ chief executive of domestic and freight operations, Andrew David, said the airline had examined in a week all 33 jets of the fleet of 75 that had completed more than 22,600 cycles in 2 ½ years of flying.
The hairline crack was found in one of eight bolts in the so-called pickle fork assembly in each of the three planes.
“Minimal risk, we are being very prudent, we’ve done the checks in seven days,” David told reporters. “Those three aircraft are on the ground. We will get them back flying by the end of the year.”
David said the airline would “have to make some minor schedule changes” while the aircraft were repaired.
David criticized the Australian Licensed Aircraft Engineers Association, the body representing the workers who carry out the checks, for calling on Thursday for all 75 of Qantas’s 737s to be grounded while they were inspected.
“We’re very, very disappointed. They’ve completely misrepresented the facts,” David said. “If they were genuine about their safety concerns, why not work with the regulators? Why not work with the industry?”
David questioned why the association had not also called for rival domestic airline Virgin Australia to ground its fleet of 77 jets.
Virgin said today it had inspected 19 of its 737s and found no cracks.
Association secretary Steve Purvinas today maintained his call for all Qantas 737s to be grounded. Purvinas was critical of the airline for flying the third 737 for an additional day before the crack was discovered.
“They will not check these planes because they know very well if they find another cracked aircraft, it will be out of service until the end of the year as well, and that will cost them money,” Purvinas told Australian Broadcasting Corp.
“If they’re not an immediate risk, why aren’t they allowed to fly any of these aircraft once the cracks have been found?” Purvinas added.
Purvanis said he did not expect Virgin to ground its fleet because the aircraft were younger than Qantas’s and Virgin was more advanced in checking its 737s.
Qantas said it was working with Civil Aviation Safety Authority, the Australian aviation industry regulator, and Boeing to resolve this issue, which involved complex repair work.
In a U.S. securities filing last week, Boeing acknowledged the possibility that pickle fork inspections could be expanded to even more planes. The company said it is continuing to study the cause of the cracking and to consider whether newer planes — those with fewer than 22,600 flights, or takeoff-and-landing cycles — might also need to be checked.
Boeing said it could not yet estimate how much it might have to pay for inspections and repairs.
The hairline cracks on older 737s were discovered as Boeing works to get its newer 737 Max jets back in the air.
Hearings this week in the U.S. Congress produced internal Boeing documents showing that company employees raised concerns about the design of a key flight-control system and the hectic pace of airplane production long before Max jets crashed in Indonesia and Ethiopia.