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He 'ōlelo kūhelu kā?

For Saturday, April 7, 2012

Na Kekeha Solis

POSTED:



Synopsis: What does being an “official language” mean? Perhaps the state needs to take action so that Hawaiian really is an “official language.”

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Welina e nā makamaka heluhelu mai ka moku o Keawe a i Ni'ihau o Kahelelani, kahi e kū nei ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i, 'o ia kekahi o nā 'ōlelo kūhelu o ka moku'āina 'o Hawai'i. A 'o ia ka mea i ulu a'e ai kahi nīnau, he 'ōlelo kūhelu kā ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i no ka moku'āina 'o Hawai'i?

Ke nānā aku kākou i ke 'ano kūhelu o ka 'ōlelo haole, he nui nō kona mana. 'O nā palapala aupuni a pau, ma ka 'ōlelo haole nō. A pēlā pū nō me nā palapala o nā kūlanakauhale. Kohu mea lā, 'a'ohe wahi mana o ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i, kekahi o nā 'ōlelo kūhelu. E kala loa ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i i lilo ai he 'ōlelo kūhelu no kēia moku'āina nei, i ka makahiki 1978 nō. A no laila nō i kupu a'e ai kahi nīnau a ko 'oukou mea kākau, 'o ia ho'i, no ke aha i ho'olilo 'ia ai ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i i 'ōlelo kūhelu?

E pane mai paha kekahi, “Mai nō a nīnau mai i ia nīnau. E 'ole ia paukū o ke Kumu Kānāwai o Hawai'i, ho'okumu 'ia ai nā kula kamali'i a me nā kula kaiapuni. 'Eā, inā 'a'ole i pāku'i 'ia ia paukū ma ke Kumu Kānāwai, inā 'a'ole i loa'a ke kula kaiapuni i kēia mau lā.” A he 'oia'i'o nō ia mau 'ōlelo, akā, 'a'ole ia he mea e kāpae 'ia ai ka nīnau ma ka 'ao'ao. 'Oiai na'e, aia nō nā kula kaiapuni ke kū nei, a ke a'o 'ia nei nā pua a kākou ma ka 'ōlelo a nā kūpuna, 'a'ole nō paha i ho'olako pono ke aupuni i ia mau kula kaiapuni e like ai a like me nā kula aupuni. 'O ia nō kekahi mea e pono ai ka ho'okō 'ia 'ana a'e o ka Paukū XV o ke Kumu Kānāwai o Hawai'i.

A he nui hou aku nō nā hana. 'O kekahi, 'o nā palapala a pau o ke aupuni moku'āina a me ke kūlanakauhale paha, he pono ke hana 'ia ma nā 'ōlelo kūhelu a i 'elua, 'o ia ho'i, 'o ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i a me ka 'ōlelo haole. E lele koke paha ka hauli o nā kānaka ho'okae i ka Hawai'i i ka lohe 'ana i ia 'ōlelo me ka 'uā pū 'ana a'e paha, “He keu 'oe a ka na'aupō, e kēnā mea kākau, no ke aha lā e kākau 'ia ai nā palapala a pau ma ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i? 'O ka 'ōlelo haole ka 'ōlelo mana o ka hapanui o nā kānaka o kēia moku'āina nei.”

A 'o ia nō ka pilikia, 'o ka no'ono'o 'ana o ka hapanui o nā kānaka, 'o ka 'ōlelo haole ka 'ōlelo mana. I mana ka 'ōlelo haole i nā kānaka puni i ka 'ōlelo haole. A i mea e pau ai ia kuhihewa 'ana iā He'eia, e ho'ololi 'ia ka hana e kū nei a like ke kūlana o ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i a me ka 'ōlelo haole. Inā e kākau 'ia nā palapala aupuni a pau o Hawai'i nei ma ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i, he mea ia e māhuahua ai nā 'oihana 'ōlelo Hawai'i. A ke 'ike 'ia aku ka māhuahua o ia 'ano 'oihana, e no'ono'o nā kānaka, he maika'i ke a'o 'ana i ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i, a e māhuahua auane'i nā kānaka 'ōlelo Hawai'i.

A 'o kekahi mea nui, 'o ia ho'i, e hana 'ia paha he kānāwai e koi ana i nā luna aupuni, nā lunamaka'āinana a me nā kenekoa, a pēlā aku, e a'o mai i ka 'ōlelo Hawai'i. A i 'ole ia, he pono ke like a like ka helu o nā luna aupuni 'ōlelo Hawai'i, a pēlā pū nō me nā luna aupuni 'ōlelo haole. A laila, e 'ike 'ia nō ka 'ai a nā u'i.

(E ho'omau 'ia aku)

———

E ho'ouna 'ia mai na ā leka iā māua, 'o ia ho'i 'o Laiana Wong a me Kekeha Solis ma ka pahu leka uila ma lalo nei:

>> kwong@hawaii.edu
>> rsolis@hawaii.edu

a i ‘ole ia, ma ke kelepona:

>> 956-2627 (Laiana)
>> 956-2627 (Kekeha)

This column is coordinated by Kawaihuelani Center for Hawaiian Language at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa.






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Ken_Conklin wrote:
Whatever it means to say that a language is "official", one thing we know for sure is that English was an official language of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Bernice Pauahi Bishop founded Kamehameha Schools in the 1880s with English as the language of instruction in all subjects. On April 29, 2004 the Honolulu Advertiser published a short notice regarding the 120th anniversary celebration of Kuhio Elementary School. This item is noteworthy because it mentions that the school was founded as a government school in 1884 using Hawaiian language as the medium of instruction, and then changed to English as the medium of instruction just four years later, in 1888 (all during the reign of King Kalakaua). Queen Lili'uokalani had only one time in her career when she gave a speech at the opening of the Legislature, in 1892, and she used English to give her speech even though most of the Nobles and Representatives were native Hawaiian. See Helena Allen, "The Betrayal of Liliuokalani" pp. 269-270. John E. Reinecke, "Language and Dialect in Hawaii: A Sociolinguistic History to 1935." Edited by Stanley M. Tsuzaki. Honolulu: Universiry of Hawaii Press, 1969. Reinecke says the shift from Hawaiian language to English began under the Kingdom and was very far along by the time the monarchy was overthrown (see Table 8, pp. 70-73). Reinecke's chart summarizes the number of schools and students operating in Hawaiian and English based on Education Department reports from 1847 to 1902. The number of students in Hawaiian language schools falls continuously through this period while the number in English-language schools rises; likewise the numbers of schools operating in the respective languages. The number of students in Hawaiian-language schools dropped below 50% in 1881 or 1882. By 1892 (the year before the overthrow), only 5.2% of students were in Hawaiian language schools and there were only 28 such schools in the Kingdom; at the same time, 94.8% of students were in the 140 English-language schools.
on April 7,2012 | 06:01AM
DiverDave wrote:
This comment has been deleted.
on April 7,2012 | 09:38AM
tim5fl wrote:
Good point,I don'tsee why anyone would want to waste their time learning Hawaiian.It's useless, so learn a language that you can use in the world today.
on April 7,2012 | 12:54PM
false wrote:
It would be a stretch to declare Hawaiian Language as the Official Language. However, it is my belief that Hawiian Language should be taught to all student in grades K - 6. Just 30 minutes of everyday would grestly improve the use of the language. If they can learn Hawaiian, their minds would open and realize that they can learn other languages. Languages teach students how to speak correctly and this will help them speak english better.
on April 7,2012 | 12:48PM
false wrote:
Sorry, lot of typos!
on April 7,2012 | 12:49PM


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